What is Leukemia?
Leukemia is nothing but another name for the Blood Cancer.
Leukemia or blood cancer, more usual in the stage of childhood (about 25% of childhood cancers are leukemias), is a disease of the hematopoietic system or the blood-producing cells in which the leukocytes also known as white blood cells. Totally or partially, the premature white blood cells of the bone marrow get mixed into the bloodstream and this is established in the different organs of the lymphatic system.
The blood cancer (leukemia), according to its evolution, is divided into acute and chronic leukemias: acute leukemia is characterized by the rapid development of the disease, while chronic leukemia has a deceptive course. The patient may take months or even years to develop severe symptoms.
Another classification focuses on the degree of maturity and the offspring of leukocytes multiplied exaggeratedly: Myeloid and lymphocytic leukemia, the first when degraded leukocytes come from the bone marrow tissue, from which various blood cells develop, including the so-called granulocytes, the second when the leukemia cells appear due to the malignant degradation of another family of cells, the so-called lymphocytes.
How is Leukemia caused?
Leukemia is caused when some cells become cancerous and spread to the bloodstream and lymph nodes. They can also travel to the brain and spinal cord (the central nervous system) and other parts of the body.
The body can regulate the development of cells sending signals that indicate when it should stop. But with respect to this disease, these cells do not respond to these signals and reproduce, regardless of the available space. These abnormal cells get to reproduce quickly and do not work as healthy white blood cells, whose mission is to fight infections.
When the immature white blood cells begin to displace the healthy cells of the bone marrow, the person gets to experience the symptoms of leukemia (infections, anemia, bleeding).
What are the Symptoms of Leukemia?
In leukemia (blood cancer), each case is unique and particular, but leukemia usually has the following symptoms:
Usually, people do not usually visit the doctor because of fatigue, and when they dare to do so, it is because fatigue seemingly without cause affects their daily lives.
Fatigue or exhaustion is usually temporary and can be attributed to specific and diverse causes such as a day of intense work, lack of sleep, a tiring trip, a crippling situation or excessive exercise.
Fever is defined as the body temperature above 38 ° C. In many cases. The temperature can be measured by a suitable thermometer, in the ear, under the armpit (axillary), under the tongue in the mouth (buccal) or in the anus (rectal).
Sweating too much at night is a general symptom that can manifest itself in many different diseases. Especially in the case of infections and tumors. The sweats can also appear without an apparent reason and without being related to a pathology.
Losing weight is possible if you take care of your diet and if you exercise regularly and appropriately. In case these measures are not enough, there are healthy diets that favor the task. However, weight loss can also be related to some pathology.
Loss of appetite:
Having a good appetite has always been considered a sign of good health. The lack of appetite for a short time is normal, however, if you suffer for a long time or even constant, it may be an indication of a disease, so it is very important to see a doctor.
How can Leukemia (Blood Cancer) be prevented?
Unfortunately, until now, there is no known measure that can prevent leukemia. In addition, the drawback is that there is no possibility of detecting it early. However, in order to reduce the risk of cancer, special care must be taken with chemical contaminants, in particular, benzene and the substances that contain it.
It is recommended to avoid tobacco, alcohol and exercise, take care of food and thus lead a good quality of life.
If you have prolonged symptoms such as malaise, weakness, fatigue, and fever, you should see a doctor to explain the possible causes. Even if the odds of a leukemia are low compared to other diseases, it must be clearly understood that the earlier a disease is detected, the greater the chance of cure.
There are very few known causes of childhood leukemia related to lifestyle or the environment. Therefore, it is important to know that in most cases there is nothing these children or their parents could have done to prevent these cancers.